New Humanitarianism and the Crisis of Charity: Good Intentions on the Road to Help

2017 Indiana University Press

newhumanitarianism cover bigSoaring poverty levels and 24-hour media coverage of global disasters have caused a surge in the number of international non-governmental organizations that address suffering on a massive scale. But how are these new global networks transforming the politics and power dynamics of humanitarian policy and practice? In New Humanitarianism and the Crisis of Charity, Michael Mascarenhas considers that issue using water management projects in India and Rwanda as case studies. Mascarenhas analyzes the complex web of agreements ―both formal and informal―that are made between businesses, governments, and aid organizations, as well as the contradictions that arise when capitalism meets humanitarianism. [More…]



Where the Waters Divide: Neoliberalism, White Privilege, and Environmental Racism in Canada

2014 Lexington Books

where the waters divide cover

This timely and important scholarship advances an empirical understanding of Canada’s contemporary “Indian” problem. Where the Waters Divide is one of the few book monographs that analyze how contemporary neoliberal reforms (in the manner of de-regulation, austerity measures, common sense policies, privatization, etc.) are woven through and shape contemporary racial inequality in Canadian society. Using recent controversies in drinking water contamination and solid waste and sewage pollution, Where the Waters Divide illustrates in concrete ways how cherished notions of liberalism and common sense reform — neoliberalism — also constitute a particular form of racial oppression and white privilege. [More…]



Refereed Journal Articles

  1. Mascarenhas, M., Grattet, R., and K. Tully (revise and resubmit). Toxic Waste and Race in the 21st Century. An Enduring Social Problem Social Problems.
  2. Mascarenhas, M., Grindstaff, K. (revise and resubmit). “No one wants to believe it:” An Explanation for the Racial and Ethnic Gaps in a STEM focused College. Multicultural Perspectives.
  3. Mascarenhas, M. (forthcoming). Heroes and She(roes). Water Security, Neoliberalism, and Environmental Justice. Kalfou
  4. Mascarenhas, M. (2018). White Space and Dark Matter: Prying Open the Black Box of STS. Science, Technology & Human Values, 43(2), 151-170.
  5. Mascarenhas, M. (2016). “Where the Waters Divide: Neoliberal Racism, White Privilege and Environmental Injustice.” Race, Gender & Class. 23 (3-4): 6-25.
  6. Mascarenhas, M. (2012). “Redefining Water Security through Social Reproduction: Lessons Learned from Rajasthan’s “Ocean of Sand.” International Development Studies Bulletin. 43 (2): 51-58.
  7. Mascarenhas, M. (2007) “Where the Waters Divide: First Nations, Tainted Water, and Environmental Justice in Canada.” Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability 12 (6): 565 – 577.
  8. Mascarenhas, M. & Busch, L. (2006) “Seeds of Change: Intellectual Property Rights, Genetically Modified Soybeans and Seed Saving in the United States.” Sociologia Ruralis 46 (2): 122-138.
  9. Konefal, M. Mascarenhas, and M. Hatanaka (2005). “Governance in the Global Agro-food Systems: Backlighting the Role of Transnational Supermarket Chains.” Agriculture and Human Values. 22(3): 291-302.
  10. Konefal and M. Mascarenhas (2005). “The Shifting Political Economy of the Global Agrifood System: Consumption and the Treadmill of Production” Berkeley Journal of Sociology. 49: 76-95.
  11. Mascarenhas, M. and Rik Scarce 2004. ‘“The Intention Was “Good”:’ Legitimacy, Consensus-Based Decision Making, and the Case of Forest Planning in British Columbia, Canada.” Society and Natural Resources. 17: 1-22.
  12. Mascarenhas, M. 2002. “Material-Semiotic Practices of Water Quality Testing and Standards: The Constitution of Water Contamination in Walkerton, Ontario, Canada.” Interdisciplinary Environmental Review. 4(2): 66-79.
  13. Mascarenhas, M. Winter, 2001.“Farming Systems Research: Flexible Diversification of a Small Family Farm in South East Michigan.” Agriculture and Human Values. 18(4): 391-401.
  14. Arvai and M. Mascarenhas. 2001 “Print Media Framing of the Pacific Northwest Forestry Debate: Public Opinion and Environmentalists.” Environmental Management. 27:705-714.


Book Chapters

  1. Mascarenhas, M. (2018). 15. Science and Technology. In A. J. Trevino (Ed.), Investigating Social Problems. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  2. Ron Eglash, William Babbitt, Audrey Bennett, Kathryn Bennett, Brian Callahan, James Davis, John Drazan, Charles Hathaway, David Hughes, Mukkai Krishnamoorthy, Michael Lachney, Michael Mascarenhas, Shayla Sawyer, Kathleen Tully (2017). “Culturally Situated Design Tools: Generative Justice as a Foundation for STEM Diversity.” Pp. 132-151. In Moving Students of Color from Being Consumers to Being Producers of Technology Rankin, Y and Thomas, J. (eds). NY: IGI Press.
  3. Mascarenhas, M. (2014) “Environmental Inequality and Environmental Justice” Pp. 161-178. In Twenty Lessons in Environmental Sociology (2nd Edition) Kenneth Gould and Tammy Lewis (eds). NY: Oxford University Press.
  4. Mascarenhas, M. (2014) “Humanitarianism, Knowledge, and the Postcolonial Sovereignty.” Pp. 296-316. In Framing the Global. Entry Points for Research. Hilary Kahn (ed). Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.
  5. Mascarenhas, M. (2014). “Crisis, Humanitarianism, and the Condition of 21st Century Sovereignty.” In Cities of the Global South Reader. Miraftab, Faranak and Neema Kudva (eds.). New York: Routledge.
  6. Mascarenhas, M. (2009) “Neo-liberalism, Water and First Nations.” 229-242. In Environmental Conflict and Democracy in Canada. Laurie Adkin (ed.) Vancouver: UBC Press.
  7. Mascarenhas, M. (2008) “Environmental Inequality and Environmental Justice” Pp. 127-141. In Twenty Lessons in Environmental Sociology. Kenneth Gould and Tammy Lewis (eds). NY: Oxford University Press.
  8. Konefal, C. Bain, M. Mascarenhas, and L. Busch (2007) “Supermarkets and Supply Chains in North America.” Pp. 268-290.  In Supermarkets and Agri-food Supply Chains: Transformations in the Production and Consumption of Foods. David Burch and Geoffrey Lawrence (eds).
  9. Miller, M. Salazar, M. Mascarenhas and L. Busch (2006). Pp. 111-124. “The Indivisibility of Science, Policy & Ethics: Starlink Corn and the Making of Standards.”  In Agricultural Standards: The Shape of the Global Food and Fiber System.  Jim Bingen and Lawrence Busch (eds.) NY: Springer.
  10. Mascarenhas, M. (2003) “Introduction to Science and Technology Studies.” Pp. 150-155. In Syllabi and Instructional Materials for the Sociology of Science, Knowledge, and Technology. Jennifer Croissant (ed.). Washington: American Sociological Association. (Peer reviewed).
  11. Mascarenhas, M. “Legitimacy, Efficacy & Efficiency: Factors Affecting Public Participation in Environmental Agreements in British Columbia, Canada.” In Voluntary Environmental Agreements: Process, Practice and Future Use, Patrick ten Brink (ed.). Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf Publishing: 81-94.



  1. Mascarenhas, M. 2016. The Flint Water Crisis. A Case of Environmental Injustice or Environmental Racism. Written Testimony Submitted to the Michigan Civil Rights Commission Hearings on the Flint Water Crisis.
  2. Mascarenhas, M. Rwanda Baseline Assessment Report. August 2010. Sociological Survey Assessment. February 25, 2011 (submitted to Water for People).
  3. Water for People (2011). Rwanda Baseline Assessment Report. August 2010. Final Report. Denver, CO. (Contributing consultant).
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization (2008) Report of the Expert Consultation on Improving Planning and Policy Development in Aquaculture. Rome, 26-29 February 2008. FAO Fisheries Report 858. FAO, Rome. (Contributing consultant).





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